# 2019 H.S. 1st Year ECONOMICS Question Paper - myedu365

2019

ECONOMICS

Full Marks: 100

Pass Marks: 30

Time: Three hours

The figures in the margin indicate full marks for the questions

PART – A

1. Answer the following as directed:

(a) Give the meaning of statistics in plural sense. 1

(b) What do you mean by Secondary data? 1

(c) ____method involves each and every items of the universe. (Fill in the blank) 1

(d) The diagram which represents the data in a circle is -1

i. Bar diagram

ii. Pie-diagram

iii. Multiple diagram

iv. Subdivided bar diagram.

(e) Name three most commonly used statistical averages. 1

(f) There are ____ quartiles in a series. (Fill in the blank) 1

2. Mention four limitations of statistics. 2

3. Name any four methods of collecting primary data. 2

4. What is the difference between random sampling and non-random sampling? 2

5. What is the difference between frequency polygon and frequency curve? 2

6. Define weighted arithmetic mean. 2

7. Name the two measures of dispersion. 2

8. Mention specific characteristics of arithmetic mean. 4

9. Draw an ogive from the following table: 4

 Income 0-10 10-20 20-30 30-40 40-50 No. of persons 5 15 25 3 2

Or

Represent the following information in Pie-diagram:

 Items of Expenditure Labour Bricks Marble Cement Company 10,000 3,000 5,000 2,000

10. "Sampling is the best method of collecting primary data" - Justify this statement. 4

11. Calculate arithmetic mean from the following data:  4

 Class of Interval 2025 2530 3035 3534 4045 4550 5060 Frequency 10 12 8 20 11 4 5

12. Find out Karl Pearson's co-efficient of correlation from the following data: 4

 X 50 54 56 58 59 60 61 62 65 75 Y 20 22 24 30 32 36 38 40 44 54

Or

Explain the significance of an index number. 4

13. Define Standard deviation, Range, Quartile deviation, Lorenz curve, Mean deviation and Interquartile range. 1x6=6

Or

Calculate Mean deviation and its coefficient using arithmetic mean. 3+3=6

 Marks 20 30 40 50 60 70 No of Student 8 12 20 10 6 4

14. Construct an Index number for 1999 taking as the base using simple average of price relative method.
6

 Commodities A B C D E F Price in 1985 ₹ 8 15 12 10 10 12.5 Price in 1999 ₹ 10 21 36 14 12 17

Or

Mention one merit and one demerit of medium.

Calculate median from the following data: 1+1+4=6

PART - B

(INDIAN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT)

(a) Railways were introduced in_____ in India. 1

(b) What do you mean by Modernization? 1

(c) Define Privatization. 1

(d) What is the full form of NABARD? 1

(e) What is Human Capital? 1

(f) Mention any two causes of inflation. 1

16. Name two notable economists who estimated India's per-capita income during the Colonial Period. 2

17. Mention two important problems of Indian Agriculture. 2

18. Point out two failures of economic reforms in India. 2

19. Define absolute poverty and relative poverty. 2

20. Mention the importance of human capital formation in India. 2

21. What do you mean by agricultural marketing? 2

22. Mention four unemployment alleviation programme taken by Indian Government. 4

Or

What is Rural Credit? Why do farmers need rural credit?

23. Briefly mention the basic causes of poverty in India. 4

Or

Briefly mention the causes of inflation.

24. What is Environment? What causes a stress on environment? 4

Or

Explain the types of infrastructure.

25. Make a comparison between India and Pakistan as regards national income, size of population, birth rate, literacy rate and sex ratio. 4

26. Explain the positive impacts of economic reforms. 4

27. What do you mean by environmental degradation? Suggest some measures to solve the problems of environmental degradation.      1+5=6

Or

Explain briefly the following: 3+3=6

a)  Demand-pull inflation.

b) Cost-push inflation.

28. What do you mean by organic farming? Make a comparison between traditional farming and organic farming. 2+4=6

******